What is KENPHIA?
KENPHIA, Kenya Population-based HIV Impact Assessment, is a national household-based HIV survey that will help health authorities and policymakers to better understand the relative impact of HIV on everyone in the population, not only people living with HIV but also their family, friends, and community. This is the first time Kenya will be getting population based HIV estimates at county level. This is a key difference with what has been done in past surveys.
The main goals of KENPHIA are to estimate the incidence of HIV in Kenya; to determine the level of viral suppression of HIV among the national population; to assess the prevalence of HIV infection in Kenya; measure coverage and impact of HIV services at population level; to assess key HIV-related risk behaviors using nationally-representative sample of adult minors.
The 2017/2018 Kenya Population-based HIV Impact Assessment (KENPHIA) builds on previous Kenya AIDS Indicator Surveys (KAIS) and other PHIA surveys and aims to measure the status of the HIV epidemic in Kenya. This household-based, nationally-representative, cross-sectional survey will use a two-stage, cluster sampling design to target approximately 20,000 households from approximately 800 clusters, in order to reach approximately 35,162 individuals (6,826 minors aged between 0-14 years, 25,113 late adolescent and adult participants aged between 15-49 and 3,222 adults 50-64 years).
The Ministry of Health through the National AIDS and STI Control Program (NASCOP) is the lead body overseeing all aspect of the KENPHIA national survey. KENPHIA will be implemented by ICAP at Columbia University, which is funded by the US Government President’s Emergency Plan for HIV/AIDS (PEPFAR) through the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
This survey is being conducted in collaboration with the following partners: The Ministry of Health (MOH) through the National AIDS & STI Control Program (NASCOP) National Public Health Laboratories (NPHLS), National AIDS Control Council (NACC), and the Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI); The Ministry of Planning and Devolution (MOPD) through the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS), and the National Council for Population and Development (NCPD); Ministry of Interior and Coordination of National Government, and the Kenya Council of Governors (CoG). Additional stakeholders include non-governmental partners involved in HIV prevention and care, the United Nations (UN) Family, National Empowerment Network of People Living with HIV/AIDS in Kenya (NEPHAK), the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), US Centres for Disease Control (CDC), and ICAP.
The success of KENPHIA will help strengthen the social services requirements on reducing HIV infections.