Tuesday , December 18 2018

Hepatitis Brochure

What is Hepatitis? 1,2,4

Hepatitis is a disease of the liver in which viruses or other mechanisms cause your liver to enlarge and stop it from functioning properly. There are up to five viral infections that cause hepatitis named as Hepatitis A, B, C, D and E. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent liver damage, liver cancer and death. For KENPHIA we are testing for type B, which is the most common

How could I get hepatitis B?1,2

Hepatitis B is very infectious and can be spread by contact with infected blood, semen or other body fluids

Hepatitis B is very infectious and can be spread by:

  • Having sex with an infected person without using protection.
  • Handling body fluids of an infected person without protection.
  • An infected woman can give hepatitis B to her baby at birth.
  • Persons at risk of Hepatitis B are also at risk of infection with HIV.

You can NOT get Hepatitis B by:

  • Shaking hands
  • Hugging an infected person
  • Sitting next to an infected person
  • Sharing drinking utensils or eating food prepared by an infected person.

What are the symptoms?1,3

You might:

  • Feel tired
  • Have fever
  • Have poor appetite
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Have stomach pain
  • Have diarrhea
  • Develop yellowness of the eyes
  • Have dark yellow urine

However,

  • Some people do not show any symptoms. But if you are infected with Hepatitis B, liver damage continues regardless of the signs and symptoms.
  • If you have symptoms or think that you might have Hepatitis B, you need to see your doctor for testing.

However,

  • Some people do not show any symptoms. But if you are infected with Hepatitis B, liver damage continues regardless of the signs and symptoms.
  • If you have symptoms or think that you might have Hepatitis B, you need to see your doctor for testing.

What are the tests available for Hepatitis B?1

  • To check for hepatitis B, the doctor will test your blood in any recognized health care institutions i.e. clinics, hospitals and diagnostic laboratories.

 How can I protect myself?1

  • Do not share personal care items that might have blood on them such as razors, toothbrushes, etc.
  • Ensure only sterilized items are used on you in the saloon or barber shops.
  • Consider the risks if you are thinking about tattooing or piercing any part of your body.
  • If you have or had Hepatitis B, do not donate blood, organs or tissue.
  • Practice safe sex using barrier methods such as latex condoms every time you have sex with someone of unknown status.
  • If you are a health care or public safety worker, get vaccinated for Hepatitis B and always wear protective clothing when handling needles and other infectious material.
  • Seek circumcision services from trained healthcare workers.

Can Hepatitis be Treated?

  • Yes, through the use of medicine available at MOH facilities.

Talk to your doctor for advice, testing, vaccination and treatment for Hepatitis B

References:

  1. Guidelines for the Treatment of Chronic Hepatitis B and C viral infections in Kenya, MOH
  2. WHO Position paper on Hepatitis, 2nd Oct, 2009
  3. Prevalence of Hepatitis B Virus (HBV surface antigen and HBV associated hepatocellular carcinoma in Kenyans of various ages, Afr J Health Sci, 2011; 18:53-61